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IoT and Smart Water Quality Monitoring System

25 Feb
2020
smart water system

It's common for businesses within industries that rely on clean water, like agriculture and textiles, to be concerned about water quality for the care of their employees and customers. Water monitoring programs can provide multiple solutions beyond improving water quality. Thanks to numerous advancements in IoT, it's now easier for both businesses and cities to see the benefits of implementing a smart water system.

Although water covers 71 percent of the Earth’s surface, only about 2.5 percent of it is drinkable. The rising concentration of pollutants in water make it essential for water quality measurements to be used whenever possible. The problems with traditional manual methods for measuring water quality is that it can be full of errors and may not be collected quickly enough. These issues can be resolved through the implementation of smart water systems.

How IoT and Smart Water Improve Quality of Life

In terms of cities, one of the best use cases for smart water systems is exemplified through its adoption amongst water utilities. In order to maintain clean drinking water, water suppliers monitor various data related to water quality, such as temperature and particles. Additionally, smart water systems allow for pollutants to be detected and treated in real-time, which can help to solve problems with contamination. The problem with contaminated water in Flint, Michigan, for instance, has raised national attention that cities should pay closer attention to monitoring water quality.

IoT sensors continuously track water quality measurements in overhead tanks and pipelines. With the help of oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) sensors, for example, a water utility can monitor the dissolved oxygen in water. When ORP levels are high, it means the water doesn't support bacteria, which is a measure of safe drinking quality.

Businesses, such as those in the agriculture industry, use IoT to manage irrigation water and crop production. One of the problems in which poor water quality can impact crops is that it may stunt plant growth and create an unattractive appearance. Water with high pH levels can also be harmful to certain plants, preventing them from absorbing nutrients from the soil effectively. Some plants allow for high salt levels, while others don't. Measuring these content levels gives farmers a competitive edge.

In the world of aquaculture, IoT devices can measure the development of aquatic plants and marine life. This data is helpful for fisheries located in places where healthy fish populate. Many facilities now use water quality monitoring devices that measure important factors that can affect the health and well-being of marine life, like temperature and conductivity.

Additionally, water loss is a deep area of concern for all business owners, since it can be expensive and cause a waste of resources. A big percentage of water loss is due to pipe leaks, which often occur due to the age of the pipes, weather conditions, and neglect from lack of inspections. When water flow and its rate of change are measured by pulse meters in pipes, it helps detect water loss and other issues. The sooner a contractor gathers and analyzes this data, the more time and money it will save.

Many businesses and local utilities are also facing community pressure to adopt more sustainable principles for the sake of human and environmental safety. Sustainable efforts to cut waste are additionally worth investing in as the more data an operation uses to monitor its processes, the more efficient it is at maximizing quality.

Water quality can be measured accurately and efficiently with remote IoT devices. Smart water systems are changing the way people think about water quality and water applications.

Check out our technology guide to learn more about how smart technologies empower enterprises and smart cities.

GeorgeRickman
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